31 जुलाई 2020 का करंट अफेयर्स (31 July 2020 Current Affairs in Hindi English PDF Download)

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31 July (जुलाई) 2020 Current Affairs – सामयिकी प्रश्न उत्तर – यहाँ हमने 31 July (जुलाई) 2020 भारत और विदेश से सम्बंधित कर्रेंट अफेयर्स के सवाल और जवाब हिंदी भाषा व संक्षिप्त में प्रकाशित किए है| यहाँ अंकित किए गए सभी करंट अफेयर्स प्रश्न 31 July (जुलाई) 2020 के मुख्य समाचारों से लिए गए है जिन्हें हमने प्रश्न व उत्तर के साथ अंकित किए है| सभी प्रश्न व उत्तर आने वाली सरकारी व निजी नोकरी व परीक्षाओं (SSC, BANK, Railway, Clerk, PO, UPSC Exam) के लिए आपके लिए महत्वपूर्ण व सहायक होंगे।

31 July 2020 Current Affairs One-Liner in English – Here we have published the current affairs related to India and the world in the English language, in short. All the current affairs mentioned here have been taken from various newspapers, websites, and YouTube Channel. All the questions and answers will be important and become more helpful for the upcoming government and non-government competitive exams (SSC, BANK, Railway, Clerk, PO, UPSC Exam).

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31 July (जुलाई) 2020

हिन्दी - 31 जुलाई 2020 करंट अफेयर

 

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English - 31 July 2020 Current Affairs
  1. The first of five Rafale ladaku planes reached Beda Ambala. These aircraft were given a water cannon salute at the Ambala Air Force Center. Two Sukhoi supersonic aircraft also flew with this fleet upon entering the Indian airspace. Air Chief Marshal Air Chief Marshal R.K.S. Bhadoria and the Chief of Air Force Western Command, Air Marshal B.R. Suresh welcomed the first fleet of five Rafale planes at Ambala Airport. In this fleet, three one-seater and two-seater Rafale aircraft will be inducted into the Indian Air Force at Ambala Airport in Haryana. These aircraft, manufactured by the French company Dassault, flew for India from the Bordeaux Marignac airbase of South France. These five aircraft were launched by India in 2016 at 59, The 36 aircraft are part of 36 aircraft purchased from France in an inter-government deal worth Rs. 000 crore. These aircraft traveled about 7,000 km from France to India, stopping at the French air station in the United Arab Emirates in just one place to refuel. Delivery of all thirty-six aircraft will be completed by the end of 2021, on schedule. Rafael Ambala will be part of the 17th Squadron ‘Golden Arrows’ of the airbase. Nearly 23 years after the Sukhoi planes purchased from Russia, the Air Force has acquired Rafale, a new generation fighter jet.
  2. The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the Memorandum of Understanding signed between India and Zimbabwe on Cooperation in the field of Traditional Medicine and Homeopathy. The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) was signed on November 30, 2018. With the approval of this MoU, a framework will be developed for cooperation between the two countries to promote traditional medicine and homeopathy and this will mutually benefit the two countries in the field of traditional medicine. The main objective of the MoU is to strengthen, promote, and develop cooperation in the field of traditional medicine between the two countries based on equality and mutual benefit.
  3. Aditya, India’s first solar-powered yacht, has won the prestigious Gustave Trouve Award for excellence in electric boats and boating. The yacht has been declared the best electric boat in the world in the category of boats designed for duty passenger service. Aditya of Naval Boats is a solar energy-powered passenger yacht which is one of the best stories of the future of electric marine propulsion. The ferry is owned by the Kerala State Water Transport Department (KSWTD) and has been running on the Vaikkom-Thuanquaquadu route in Alappuzha district since January 2017. The Gustave Trouve Award was given for the first time, the only honor in the world to individuals and companies who are engaged in building and innovating state-of-the-art electric boats. This year it has been launched in honor of Frenchman Gustave Trouve, who moved away from traditional transport fossil fuels,
  4. Cotton Corporation of India Cotton has a surplus stock. With the next harvesting season, CCI is trying to boost exports. To export the existing stock, India will sign a memorandum of understanding with Bangladesh to export 1.5 to 2 million bales of cotton. One lump is 170 kg. Also, CCI will set up its warehouse in Vietnam to boost cotton exports.
  5. The Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has approved the National Education Policy 2020, which has opened the way for large scale transformational reforms in both the school and higher education sectors. It is the first education policy of the 21st century and will replace the 34-year-old National Education Policy (NPE), 1986. Built on the fundamental pillars of easy access for all, equity, quality, affordability and accountability, this new education policy is in line with the Agenda 2030 for sustainable development and aims to make school and college education more holistic, suited to the needs of the 21st century Making India resilient is to transform India into a knowledge-based vibrant society and global superpower of knowledge and bring out the unique capabilities inherent in each student. Higher Education Secretary Amit Khare told about the new National Education Policy that its objective is to increase the gross enrollment rate in the field of higher education to 50 percent level by 2020-2035. In 2018, the rate was 26 decimal three percent. He said that according to the new education policy, at least 30 million new seats will be increased in higher education institutions. Mr. Khare said that it provides for broad-based, multi-disciplinary, comprehensive undergraduate education, in which the curriculum is flexible, Will be integrated with creative and vocational education. He said that graduates can also come out with certificates and diplomas at various levels in the course. He said that up to undergraduate education can be of three or four years. The Higher Education Secretary said that the system of associating colleges with universities will be phased out in the next 15 years. During this time, the colleges will develop themselves as autonomous colleges providing degrees. The government is in the process of implementing the policy from this year. The Ministry of Human Resource Development has been renamed the Ministry of Education. The Ministry of Education was renamed in 1985. National Education Policy 2020 The policy is in the process of implementation from this year. The Ministry of Human Resource Development has been renamed the Ministry of Education. The Ministry of Education was renamed in 1985. National Education Policy 2020 The policy is in the process of implementation from this year. The Ministry of Human Resource Development has been renamed the Ministry of Education. The Ministry of Education was renamed in 1985.
  6. The Ministry of Earth Sciences has launched the MoES-Knowledge Resource Center Network (KRCNet) under the Digital India initiative of the Government of India. MoES has changed the traditional conditions of the MoES system to the Top Knowledge Resource Center (KRC). These KRCs will be connected and integrated with the net portal. This portal will be a singular patent entry in the intellectual world of the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES). The goal of the launch of MoC’s KRCNet is to establish a Total Quality Management (TQM) system by ensuring ISO certification for its maintenance, simple retrieval, and dissemination documentation. The KRCNet portal will provide 24X7 access to the subscribed knowledge content. It will collect, analyze, index, store, as well as disseminate the intellectual resources, products, and project output available at the MoES headquarters and its institutions.
  7. Careful examination of bilirubin levels in newborns is mandatory according to the American Academy of Pediatrics (2004). This test is done to reduce the incidence of a type of brain damage called kernicterus, which can be caused by high levels of bilirubin in the baby’s blood. Although capillary coagulation of blood and subsequent biochemical testing is considered the gold standard for detecting jaundice in newborns, bilirubin measurement within the skin using non-infectious instruments has additional benefits. Autonomous Research Institute under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India, S.N. Professor Sameer K. Bose of the Bose National Center for Basic Sciences (SNBNCBS), Kolkata. Pal and his team have developed a tool called “AJO-Neo”. The institute is also conducting scientific collaboration with one of the DST funded Technical Research Centers (TRC) and Nil-Ratan Sarkar (NRS) Medical College and Hospital, Kolkata. The operation of the instrument is based on noncontact and non-infectious spectrometry techniques for the measurement of bilirubin levels in newborns, without compromising the limits of other bilirubin meters. It has been introduced as an alternative to the total serum bilirubin (TSB) test.
  8. Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Civil Aviation, Shri Hardeep Singh Puri said that 45 airports and 3 heliports have so far been flagged off after Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi flagged off the first flight (UDAN) service from Shimla to Delhi in April 2017. 274 connecting flight routes have been operational. On the inauguration of the first helicopter service by Pawan Hans in Uttarakhand under the UDAN-RCS scheme, Mr. Puri said that the introduction of heli service and the opening of these new routes will bring the people of the state closer and encourage tourism in the region. This service will ensure connectivity between Dehradun, New Tehri, Srinagar, and Gauchar.
  9. The mission of the Ministry of Earth Sciences is to provide due respect and platform to the major scientific contributions made by eminent scientists/engineers in various fields of earth system science and also to encourage women and young researchers to get into the mainstream of earth system science. Because of the above, the Ministry has awarded the Life Time Excellence Award, National, two Young Researchers Awards, and Dr. Anna Mani National Award for Women Scientists in the fields of Atmospheric Science and Technology, Oceanography, Geoscience and Technology, and Ocean Technology and Polar Science. Is formed. This year, Life Time Excellence Award to Prof. Ashok Sahni, Geology Vertebrate is being given for his remarkable contribution in the field of paleontology and biostratigraphy. National Award for Ocean Science and Technology, Dr. VVS, Senior Principal Scientist, CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, Visakhapatnam. s. Sharma and Dr. M. Ravichandran, Director of National Polar Center and Ocean Research, Goa. National Award for Atmospheric Science and Technology V.S.Sc. Scientist-SF Dr. S. of Thiruvananthapuram Suresh Babu will be given. The National Award for Geoscience and Technology will be given to NV Chalapathi Rao of the Geology Department of Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi. National Award for Ocean Technology Dr. MA, Director of National Institute of Ocean Technology, Chennai. Atmanand will be provided. Dr. Lidita DS, Senior Scientist, CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, Goa. Khandeparkar will be given the Dr. Anna Mani National Award for Women Scientist. Dr. Indra Shekhar Sen of the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, and Dr. Arvind Singh of Physical Research Laboratory (PRL), Ahmedabad, will be awarded the Young Researcher Award for their remarkable work in Earth System Sciences.
  10. India Report -2020 on Digital Education has been released by Union Human Resource Development Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal “Nishank”. During the launch, the minister said that the report was adopted by the Education Departments of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, States and Union Territories to ensure accessible and inclusive education for children at home and to overcome the barriers in their learning order Explains innovative methods. The India Report on Digital Education, 2020 contains information on distance initiatives for students and various initiatives undertaken by the government to facilitate education for all. Some of the initiatives are the Deeksha platform, Swayam Prabha TV channel, Online MOOC course, On-Air – Shiksha Vani, “DAISY, e-Pathshala” developed by NIOS for the differently-abled.
  11. The International Monetary Fund IMF has approved a US $ 4.3 billion loan for emergency services in South Africa, the highest amount any country in the world has been approved to fight the coronavirus epidemic. The International Monetary Fund (IMF) approved this loan “to support the authority’s efforts in addressing the economic situation and economic impact impacted by COVID-19. South Africa more than 4,50,000 The continent is the most affected country with cases. An epidemic is posing a challenging problem in South Africa. Due to a drastic reduction in development, economic activity has weakened over the past decade despite significant government spending, resulting in There is high unemployment, poverty, and income inequality.
  12. The Ministry of Home Affairs has issued new guidelines to increase activities in areas outside the Containment Areas of Covid-19. Activities under Unlock-3 will start on August 1st. These guidelines have been issued based on information received from the States and Union Territories and Central Ministries and Departments. The restrictions on the movement of people will be lifted at night. Institutions like Yoga and Gym can be opened from August 5, but it will be mandatory to follow the necessary guidelines issued by the Ministry of Health. Independence Day celebrations can also be celebrated by keeping a safe distance and following health guidelines. Schools, colleges and coaching institutions will remain closed till 31 August. Metro, Rail, Cinema Hall, Swimming Pool, Amusement Park, Activities other than theater and bars will be allowed outside the containment areas. Social, political, sports, entertainment, educational, cultural, and religious programs will be allowed at places other than the container areas.
  13. Health Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan has released an e-booklet containing guidelines for the treatment of drug use problems and behavioral addiction. He said that heart, cancer, and mental diseases are the major causes of road accidents due to the wild use of drugs. Dr. Harsh Vardhan has noted with satisfaction that these guidelines also include gambling, shopping habits, cyber relations, and cyber-sex addictions.
  14. The Public Sector Undertakings PFC and IIT Kanpur under the Ministry of Power have signed an agreement related to Smart Grid Technology. Under the agreement, PFC will provide financial assistance of Rs 2.38 crore 97 thousand to IIT Kanpur.
  15. Fertilizers and Chemicals Travancore Limited, a public sector undertaking of the Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers, has started using coastal shipping to deliver fertilizer to the eastern and western coastal areas of the country. In a ceremony held at the FACT Udyogamandal Complex in Elur, containers containing 560 MT of ammonium sulfate were dispatched.
  16. The Uttar Pradesh Sunni Central Waqf Board has announced the creation of a trust for the construction of the mosque in Ayodhya as per the Supreme Court order. The trust has been named the Indo-Islamic Cultural Foundation. According to the board’s press release, the five acres of land allotted for the mosque in Dhannipur village of Raunahi area has been accepted by the Uttar Pradesh government.
  17. On the occasion of World Tiger Day, a campaign has been launched to make tourists aware at the Mudumalai Tiger Sanctuary located on the Wayanad ranges on the border of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka. Under this, the use of polythene bags has been banned in the sanctuary. Apart from this, tourists will have to throw away their leftovers and related food items outside the sanctuary itself. Spread over 132 sq km, there are 103 tigers in this sanctuary.
  18. Over 38 thousand Indians have acquired citizenship in Australia in the year 2019-20. This number is 60 percent higher than the Australian citizenship granted to Indians last year and Australia has the highest number of citizenship received by people from any other country. Of the more than two lakh people who got citizenship of Australia in the year 2019-2020, 38,209 are Indians. Apart from this, 25,011 British, 14,764 Chinese, and 8,821 Pakistanis got citizenship of Australia.
  19. Air pollution has reduced the lifespan of Indians by an average of 5.2 years and if the pollution is reduced according to the World Health Organization (WHO) standards, Delhiites may increase their life by 9.4 years. This information is given in a report prepared by the Energy Policy Institute of the University of Chicago. According to WHO guidelines, levels of pollutant element (PM) 2.5 present as fine particles in the air should not exceed 10 microns per cubic meter. At the same time, PM10 levels should not exceed 20 microns per cubic meter. The average level of PM2.5 in India in 2018 was 63 microns per cubic meter. According to the new air quality life expectancy list prepared by the Energy Policy Institute of the University of Chicago, if the level of pollution in India is reduced as per WHO standards, then the age of Indians is 5.
  20. Within days of launching a portal to bring employers and job seekers together, the portal has seen around 1.01 lakh vacancies by 4294 employers and around 1.89 lakh job seekers are registering through the job portal. This job portal, on jobs.delhi.gov.in, will serve as an ’employment market’ for recruiters and job seekers in the capital.
  21. A Deemed University in Pune has developed a special bed system to treat infected patients to deal with the global pandemic Covid-19. These medical beds have been named ‘Ashraya’. These beds are designed in such a way that the patient will prevent the infection from spreading to others or it will limit it completely. The high incidence of this infection in India has made it difficult for patients in hospitals to be treated in separate rooms. So it is going to be very effective. Pune’s Defense Institute of Advanced Technology (DIAT) developed this medical bed shelter is not only cheaper, Rather, keeping in mind the Covid-19 patients, but a filter system has also been installed in it that will not allow the infection to spread outside. At the same time, a limited area of ​​the infected patient will also be continuously infection-free. It can be cleaned and used again and again. The structure of the medical bed is made of such a transparent material of medical-grade which completely packs the infected patient and completely separates it from any place.
  22. A government Russian Institute of Virology has begun human trials of the country’s second COVID-19 vaccine by injecting it into five volunteers, and it is reported that all are well after the procedure. Another volunteer trial will be started on 30 July by an institution called Vector Virology Institute in Siberia. The institute is testing a peptide vaccine using a platform previously developed for Ebola. A total of 100 volunteers between the ages of 18 and 60 are estimated to be included in the trial. Also, the institute is working on five other potential vaccines for the deadly virus. in this regard, Another Russian institute is also entering human trials this month after completion of an adenovirus-based vaccine. Gamaleya Institute is involved in this process and it is going to conduct large scale trials by August. Altogether, four vaccines worldwide are in the final phase III of human trials, according to WHO data. Also, 100 vaccines are being developed by various countries of the world to prevent the spread of the deadly COVID-19 virus.
  23. The government has relaxed norms for exporting face shields, certain types of surgical masks, and medical glasses, which are mainly in demand due to the outbreak of COVID-19 disease worldwide. The shipment of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) has been permitted by the government with an export quota of 50 lakh units per month.
  24. Bengaluru-based startup Acculi Labs Labs has been selected by The Center for Improving War with COVID-19 Health Crisis (CAWACH), an initiative of the Department of Science and Technology (DST), which has developed a Lycas COVID score, a Covid Risk Management App. Lyfas is an Android application in which, when someone holds the index finger on the rear phone camera of a mobile phone for 5 minutes, the pulse and blood volume changes, and its analysis is achieved with 95 biomarker algorithms and signal processing techniques. is. Also, it will use smartphone processors and smartphone sensors to record the accumulation of the body’s artery.
  25. Leicester City striker Jamie Vardy has been awarded the Premier Leagues Golden Boot Football Award for scoring 23 goals in the 2019/20 season. He has won the coveted individual award, beating Arsenal striker Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang (22 goals), Southampton Danny Ings (22 goals), and Manchester City forward Raheem Sterling (20 goals). With this, Jamie became the first Leicester City player to win the award and only the second English player after Harry Kane in the last 20 years. Manchester City’s Brazilian keeper Ederson won the Golden Glove award after placing his 16th clean sheet of the season against Norwich City for the award to Nick Pope of Burnley.
  26. England cricketer Stuart Broad has become the 7th bowler to take 500 wickets in Test cricket. Stuart Broad achieved this point on the 5th day of the third Test played in Manchester against the West Indies. Craig Brathwaite became Stuart Broad’s 500th Test victim. Broad has moved up to number 7 in the list of England’s second bowler and highest wicket-taker after Anderson to achieve this feat, with Sri Lankan legend Muttiah Muralitharan leading the list with 800, among others being Shane Warne. (708), Anil Kumble (619), Anderson (589)), Glenn McGrath (563) and Courtney Walsh (519).
  27. Bangladeshi fast bowler Qazi Anik Islam has been banned by the National Cricket Board for 2 years after it spread in the dope test in 2018. Qazi, who was Bangladesh’s highest wicket-taker in the 2018 Under-19 World Cup, was found to test positive of the banned substance Methamphetamine during a National Cricket League game in the same year. The 21-year-old confessed to the crime. His two-year ban will come into effect from 8 February 2019.
  28. International Tiger Day is celebrated every year on 29 July. It began in 2010 with the Tiger Summit held in St. Petersburg. It aims to secure the tiger’s natural habitat and spread awareness about tiger conservation. The World Wildlife Fund for Nature is an international non-governmental organization, which works for the conservation of wildlife. It was founded on April 29, 1961. Its headquarters are located in Rue Mouverni, Switzerland. The purpose of this organization is to conserve wildlife and reduce the impact of humans on the environment. The WWF publishes the Living Planet Report every two years since 1998.
  29. Achyuta Rao, founder, and president of Bala Hakkula Sangham passed away due to COVID-19. He was a noted child rights activist and founded the Bala Hakkula Sangham in 1984. They are known to help prevent child marriages, incidents of child sexual abuse, and child labor. Rao recently filed a petition in the Telangana High Court stating that students in government schools should be served lunch in the afternoon as they are unable to receive it due to closure due to epidemic.

 

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