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22 December(नवम्बर) 2019 Current Affairs – सामयिकी प्रश्न उत्तर – यहाँ हमने 22 December(नवम्बर) 2019 भारत और विदेश से सम्बंधित कर्रेंट अफेयर्स के सवाल और जवाब हिंदी भाषा व संक्षिप्त में प्रकाशित किए है | यहाँ अंकित किए गए सभी करंट अफेयर्स प्रश्न 22 December(नवम्बर) 2019 के मुख्य समाचारों से लिए गए है जिन्हें हमने प्रश्न व उत्तर के साथ अंकित किए है| सभी प्रश्न व उत्तर आने वाली सरकारी व निजी नोकरी व परीक्षाओं (SSC, BANK, Railway, Clerk, PO, UPSC Exam) के लिए आपके लिए महत्वपूर्ण व सहायक होंगे ।
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22 December (दिसम्बर) 2019
हिन्दी - 22 दिसम्बर 2019 करंट अफेयर
PDF Name: 22 December 2019 current affairs in Hindi pdf
Type – One Liner
PDF Size: 558 KB
No Of Pages: 08 Pages
English - 22 December 2019 Current Affairs
Sethuraman Panchanathan, a US citizen of Indian origin, has been appointed as director of the National Science Foundation (NSF) of America. President Donald Trump approved his appointment. The US government body NSF assists research in all non-medical fields including science and engineering. The National Institute of Health (NIH) is a separate institution to work in the field of medicine. Panchanathan will replace France Kordova. Kordova’s six-year term as director of the NSF will end in 2020. The post of NSF Director is approved by the Senate.
Portugal Prime Minister Antonio Costa has announced the launch of the Gandhi Citizenship Education Award, inspired by his thoughts and quotes, to uphold the ideals of Mahatma Gandhi. This award will be given each year. He said that the first-year award would be dedicated to animal welfare. Mahatma Gandhi said that the greatness of any nation can be judged by its behavior towards animals. Mr. Costa was addressing the second meeting of the National Organizing Committee of the 150th birth anniversary celebrations of Mahatma Gandhi at Rashtrapati Bhavan in New Delhi. He said that Mahatma Gandhi’s message of love and tolerance is capable of bringing revolutionary change even today.
According to the US National Science Foundation (NSF), India ranks third in the world in publishing scientific articles. China is in the first place in this list while America is in second place. According to this report, 20.67% of the world’s scientific articles were written in China. In 2018, a total of 5,28,263 articles were written in China. In the US, 4,22,808 articles related to science and engineering were written in 2018. India ranks third in this list, 1,35,788 scientific articles were written in India in 2018.
The Ministry of Home Affairs has announced that two separate Union Territories, Daman and Diu, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli, will become a Union Territory from 26 January next year. The Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha passed the Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu (Merger of Union Territories) Bill, 2019 in the Winter Session of Parliament. According to the notification of the Ministry of Home Affairs, the name of the Unified Union Territory will be Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu. Minister of State for Home Kishan Reddy has said that the merger of the two union territories is being done to prevent the recurrence of various functions and for better administration. The distance of both states is just 35 km. Dadra and Nagar Haveli have only one district, while Daman and Diu has two districts. Both the union territories are located in the western coastal region near Gujarat and were under the rule of Portugal for a long time. Both states December In 1961, Portugal was released from administration. The extension of Mumbai High Court will continue till Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu Union Territory.
Internet shutdown cases are more in India than any other country in the world. Internet shutdown occurred on December 19 this year for the 95th time in the country. Internet shutdowns have recently been carried out in several parts of Delhi and Uttar Pradesh after protests against the Citizenship Amendment Act. The joint report of two think tanks, including the Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, states that since 2012, the government has shut down the Internet 367 times in the country. Of the total internet shutdowns in the world in 2018, 67% (134 times) occurred in India. There were only 12 Internet shutdowns in Pakistan in 2018. Internet shutdown means internet shutdown at one place or shut down of the internet in one place. It is commonly used in times of riots so that people do not spread false content through the Internet.
The Telangana government has issued orders to constitute 36 fast-track special courts in all districts of the state for speedy disposal of cases under the Rape and Poxo Act. The move comes after a woman doctor was raped and killed near Hyderabad last month.
Former Telangana High Court judge CV Ramulu has been appointed as Lokayukta. Governor Tamilisai Sundararajan has issued an order in this regard. Former Law Secretary V Niranjan Rao has been appointed Deputy Lokayukta. The governor appointed another former judge, G. Chandraiah as the chairman of the State Human Rights Commission. N. Anandrao and Mohammad Irfan Moinuddin have been made members of the State Human Rights Commission. This is the first time since the state of Telangana came into existence in 2014 when the state government has constituted the Lokayukta and the Human Rights Commission.
The Asian Development Bank and the Government of India signed a loan agreement for public-private partnership projects worth $ 49 million to improve about one thousand six hundred kilometers of provincial highways in Madhya Pradesh and to make the district’s major roads two-lane. Done. An additional amount of about $ 29 million will be received from private partners for these projects.
The 2024 deadline is set for the Thiruvananthapuram-Kasaragod semi-high-speed rail corridor. Recently, the central government has approved the project costing Rs 56,000 crore. The total length of this rail corridor will be 532 km, this project is a joint project between the Government of Kerala and the Union Ministry of Railways. With the help of this railway line, the journey time between Thiruvananthapuram and Kasaragod will be reduced from 12 hours to 4 hours. The implementation agency of this project is Kerala Rail Vikas Corporation. Under this project, trains will run at a speed of 200 km per hour in 11 districts of Kerala.
The central government appointed Atul Kanwal, a senior IPS officer of Gujarat cadre, as the director of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Hyderabad. He is a 1988 batch IPS officer, currently posted as Additional Director General of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF).
India successfully test-fired two missiles from Chandipur in Odisha. The improved version of the Pinak guided rocket system was tested at the Proof and Experimental Installation Test Center of the Defense Research and Development Organization. A surface-to-air rapid action missile (QR-SAM) was launched from the mobile launcher in the launch complex of the Integrated Test Center. The mark-two version of the Pinak system has a maximum firepower of 75 km and can target 12 rockets assembled in less than 45 seconds. A surface-to-air rapid action system can also simultaneously hit multiple vehicles within a radius of about 25 to 30 kilometers with two vehicles. The surface-to-air missile will provide significant support to the defense of troops in the plains and semi-desert areas.
Donald Trump has become the third President in American history to be impeached by the House of Representatives. Due to the impeachment, the matter will be heard in the Senate, in which it will be decided whether he will continue in the post of President. The House of Representatives accused Donald Trump of abuse of power. The first charge of impeachment of the Democratic-led House was abuse of power, with 230 in favor and 197 in opposition. However, in the 243-year history of the United States, no president has been removed from office by impeachment. Earlier, only two former presidents were impeached. The House impeached President Bill Clinton in 1998, while President Andrew Johnson was impeached in 1868.
Australian tennis player Ashley Barty and Spain’s Rafael Nadal have been elected the world champions of 2019. The International Tennis Federation (ITF) has honored both of them with the World Champion Award. The 23-year-old Barty, who received the award for the first time, will say goodbye to Sal while staying at world number one. At the same time, in the men’s category, Nadal was elected a world champion for the fourth consecutive time. Barty won the first grand slam of his career in 2019. He also won the WTA Finals title in Shenzhen, China. Barty played his key role in leading Australia to the Fed Cup final for the first time since 1993.
The Supreme Court constituted a committee of two judges to look into the speedy disposal of rape cases across the country. Chief Justice Sa. Bobde, Justice Subhash Reddy and Justice M.R. A two-member committee of Shah is formed. The demand for speedy settlement of rape cases in the country was intensified after Telangana was raped and burnt to death by vet. On the other hand, the Supreme Court said that the states would have to set up two special courts in those districts, where the number of pending cases under the ‘Protection of Children from Sexual Offenses (Poxo) Act’ is more than 300.
The Central Government has extended the target of Amrit Mission, which has been launched for rejuvenation of 500 cities of the country, by two years. Amrit’s full name is Atal Mission of Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT). 77,640 crore is to be spent in Amrit Mission by March 2020. With this amount, 139 lakh water connections, 145 lakh sewer connections, stormwater draining projects, parks, greenery, and street lights, etc. have to be arranged in 500 cities of the country. Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched Amrit Mission in June 2015. Amrit Mission aims to provide water supply, sanitation and sewage connections in all cities of the country. The target was to spend 5000 crores on Amrit Mission for five years from FY 2015.
A Pakistani espionage racket that has penetrated sensitive information of the Indian Navy has been busted. Andhra Pradesh Police along with Central Intelligence Agencies and Navy’s Intelligence Wing conducted ‘Operation Dolphin’s Nose’. Seven navy officers and one hawala operator have been arrested so far from different parts of the country. The Central Investigation Agency NIA produced them all in the court of Vijayawada where they have been sent to judicial custody till January 3. The seven arrested naval officers were stationed in Mumbai, Karwar (Karnataka) and Visakhapatnam. They have given information about the movement of Indian warships and submarines to Pakistani agents. Due to this, the intelligence information of important security-related places has been handed over to the enemies.
The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has taken another initiative to bring back the antiquities (idols) sold in crores abroad from India. Soon ASI will bring back three Indian sculptures in the National Gallery of Australia. Two of these idols were stolen from Veerangallur in Tamil Nadu, which are the idols of two gatekeepers. One is a statue of Nagraj stolen from Rajasthan. According to ASI officials, the process of bringing the three idols to India has been started. According to ASI, the three idols were to be brought by December 18, but due to some technical reasons, they can be brought till December 25.
Indian Pharmacopoeia has been officially identified by the Department of National Drug and Health Products Regulation of the Ministry of Health of Afghanistan. Thus, Afghanistan has become the first country to recognize IP as per the efforts of the Department of Commerce and the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. The IP is an officially recognized book of standards according to the Drugs and Cosmetics Act, 1940 and Rules 1945. Which sets standards in terms of identification, purity, and potency of drugs manufactured and marketed in India. To ensure the quality of medicinal products, legal and scientific standards are prescribed by the Pharmacopoeial Commission of India (IPC) as the Indian Pharmacopoeia (IP).
5700 years old ‘Chewingam’ was found during excavations at Siltholm, Denmark. Researchers have succeeded in locating the DNA of a Stone Age woman with its help. This is the first time researchers claim to have discovered the DNA of humans of an era from a sample other than human bones. The woman who chewed ‘Chewingam’ had black hair and black skin, white the eyes were blue.
Devesh Srivastava has been appointed as the new Chairman and Managing Director (MD) of General Insurance Corporation of India (General Insurance Corporation India). Earlier he was managing the Human Resources and Training Department, Reinsurance Worldwide (RIWW), Corporate Communications, CMD’s Secretariat and Innovation Center, he was transferred to GIC in 1999.
Anand Mahindra (64), the executive chairman of Mahindra & Mahindra, will be the non-executive chairman from April 1, 2020. This means that instead of functioning of the board, they will be in the role of guide. The change was approved by the Board of Directors on the recommendations of the company’s Governance, Nomination and Remuneration Committee (GNRC). The board has also made other changes. The company’s MD Pawan Kumar Goenka will be the MD-CEO from 1 April. His term is till 11 November 2020. Thereafter there will be reappointment from 12 November to 1 April 2021.
Sykhom Meerabai Chanu has won a gold medal in the 49 kg in the sixth Qatar International Cup. Former world champion Chanu won the medal in the Olympic qualifying tournament by lifting a weight of one hundred 94 kg. Commonwealth Games gold medalist Chanu lifted 83 kg in Snatch and 111 kg in Clean and Jerk. She could not participate in the World Championship and Asian Games in 2018 due to injury.
A two-day national seminar was held in New Delhi on the birth centenary of noted poet and novelist Amrita Pritam. It was organized by Sahitya Academy and Punjabi Academy. It discussed Amrita Pritam’s significant contribution to the field of women’s writing.
Because of the recent difficulties faced by foreign nationals of Indian origin – OCI during their home visit, the government has decided to give relaxation in the rules to OCI cardholders by 30 June 2020.
The Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has said that it is possible to achieve the goal of making India a 5 trillion (lakh crore) economy. The Prime Minister was addressing the inaugural session of the program organized in New Delhi to mark 100 years of the flagship industry chamber ‘Assocham’. The theme of the ceremony is – New India: The aspiration of a fifty trillion dollar economy.
The Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (APEDA) is piloting fresh vegetables from Varanasi to Dubai sea routes for the first time from India’s agricultural produce rich regions to boost exports. Because of the possibility of the production of fruits and vegetables in the Varanasi region, APEDA is setting up an agricultural export hub in five districts of Varanasi region – Ghazipur, Jaunpur, Chandauli, Mirzapur and Sant Ravidas Nagar.
Union Forest and Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar has said that India is on top of the countries implementing the Paris Agreement which is rapidly moving towards achieving its target. He claimed that under the agreement, India was given a target of reducing carbon emissions by 35 percent, which has been reduced to around 21 percent at present. By the way, India has to achieve this target by 2030.
Climbers from Pakistan, Bangladesh, Afghanistan, and China will have to take prior permission to climb the ‘free peaks’ in India and use specific routes set by the Indian Mountaineering Foundation. This has been said in the order of the Ministry of Home Affairs. The Home Ministry issued a Gazette notification on Friday after amending the 70-year-old foreign order, stating that citizens of these four countries would also have to take permission to climb ‘free’ peaks. The ministry said that the Indian Mountaineering Foundation (IMF) would designate routes, deploy liaison officers with them and also impose related restrictions that are necessary to the peaks which have been opened under specific orders issued by the central government. Before this, India has established Kanchenjunga, Nepal peak in Sikkim, Garuda mountain in Uttarakhand and East Dunagiri, 137 peaks were opened across the country including Mount Kailash in Jammu and Kashmir and Mulkila in Himachal Pradesh. There are about 200 peaks in India.
Mallika Srinivasan, chairman of Tafé, a tractor, and other agricultural equipment company, has been ranked on the global board of the US-India Business Council.
The Jammu and Kashmir administration signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) with the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) India to strengthen the vaccination supply chain system in the union territory.
India announced that it had increased the area covered by its Indo-Pacific policy to include the western Indian Ocean and the Arabian Sea. The country’s move will include the Gulf states and Africa along with ASEAN. This decision was made at the end of the Joint Indian Ocean Dialogue held in New Delhi. This announcement was made by Foreign Minister Subrahmanyam Jaishankar.
A total of 111 cases of polio infection have been reported in Pakistan this year. The country’s polio eradication department informed that seven new cases of infection have come to light from different provinces. Pakistan, along with Afghanistan and Nigeria, is a country where polio outbreaks persist. In Pakistan, 68 people have been killed in polio eradication operations since 2012.
An extensive herd of trees, about 386 million years old, has been found in a sandstone mine in the US. Scientists consider it to be the remains of the oldest fossil forest in the world. According to researchers from the US Binghamton University and the New York State Museum, the fossil forests of Cairo may have spread from New York to Pennsylvania and beyond. These forests are 20 to 3 million years old from the oldest Gilboa forests. These forests are also in the state of New York and are about 40 km from the Cairo region.
PDF Name: 22 December 2019 current affairs in English pdf
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